What Is Surrogacy and How Does It Work: Key Factors You Should Know!

What Is Surrogacy

Are you considering expanding your family but encountering challenges in the traditional path to parenthood? Surrogacy might be the solution you’re looking for. 

Understanding the nuances of what is surrogacy, its types, and how it operates can pave the way for you to embark on the journey of building your family with confidence.

In this article, we’re going to break it down in simple words. We’ll discuss how it works and why it’s such a special way for families to grow. Let’s explore the basics together and make this journey easier to understand for everyone!

What Is Surrogacy: A Closer Look!

Surrogacy is a reproductive arrangement that can help people or couples have children when it’s hard for them to in the usual way.

What Is Surrogacy
What is surrogacy and how does it work: key factors you should know!

To use this method, a woman, who is called a surrogate, carries and gives birth to the baby for the people who want to be parents. There are different types of surrogacies and each has its features and things you have to think about.

For instance, in one type of surrogacy, the surrogate is also related to the baby because she is the egg donor.

But with another type (called gestational surrogacy), the surrogate only carries and delivers the baby. It’s created with eggs and sperm from either the intended parents or donors.

The process of surrogacy requires lots of planning and agreements between everyone involved. It’s one of many ways that people who can’t have a baby in the usual way can still become parents and create their own family. 

But how does it differ from adoption? Let’s take a look!

Read More: What Causes Infertility in Women? 5 Root Causes and Eye Opening Insights

Surrogacy Vs Adoption: Clearing The Confusion!

Adoption and surrogacy are two different ways to form a family. They have their considerations, benefits, and challenges. When comparing Surrogacy vs. Adoption, it’s essential to acknowledge the distinctive aspects of each option.

What Is Surrogacy
What is surrogacy and how does it work: key factors you should know!

In what is surrogacy, there are two types of approaches. One uses the eggs and sperm of the parents or donors to make a baby, and the other uses the surrogate’s eggs. This means there can be a direct family link with at least one parent.

Adoption is when you become parents to a child who is not biologically yours. It involves checks and legal processes to make sure everyone is okay. While there are costs involved, they are different from those in surrogacy.

Some families adopt babies right after they are born, while others might choose to adopt older kids or even groups of siblings. Sometimes, families decide to adopt a child from another country, which is called international adoption.

While it has its own challenges, adoption brings the joy of providing a loving family for a child who needs one!

Types Of Surrogacy: Exploring Your Options

There are various kinds of surrogacy each having their own legal, ethical, and emotional considerations. The major types of surrogacy include:

1. Traditional Surrogacy:

In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate provides both the egg and carries the pregnancy. This is often done using artificial insemination with either the intended father’s sperm or the donor’s sperm.

Since in traditional surrogacy, the surrogate is genetically related to the child, there may be some legal and emotional complications.

2. Gestational Surrogacy:

In gestational surrogacy, the surrogate carries a child conceived using an embryo created from the egg and sperm of the intended parents or donors. The surrogate is not genetically related to the child.

This type of surrogacy is often considered less complex legally as there is no genetic connection to the child by such a woman.

It should be noted that different countries have varying legal statuses on surrogacy, while within countries there are regions with contrasting legal positions on this matter. Potential arrangements for surrogacy must therefore always take into account these legal and moral aspects, giving them due consideration.

Read More: What Is Gestational Surrogacy and Its 8 Key Benefits

How Does Surrogacy Work For Your Family?

The surrogacy process is complicated and intricate. Depending on your circumstances, what goes into a surrogacy process might be different. Below we have provided what it would look like for you.

1. Select a Surrogacy Agency

Most families wanting surrogacy start by choosing an agency to do it with. They are crucial in the matching of intended parents with gestational carriers and helping to put together legal agreements.

They also help connect the carrier with the parents. In some cases, friends or family members can serve as carriers, but this could bring up some emotional challenges.

2. Criteria For Choosing The Surrogate

The American Society for Reproductive Medicine says that an ideal gestational carrier should meet certain criteria. They include:

  • Healthy and aged 21-45
  • Ideally younger than 35
  • At least one pregnancy, but no more than five pregnancies.
  • All of them being full term without any complications.
  • No more than three C-sections 
  • Healthy weight and stable family environment.

3. Health and Psychological Evaluations

Both the intended parents and the gestational carrier have to go through intense medical evaluations. The carrier gets tested to make sure that they can carry a pregnancy and be screened for diseases like HIV.

The intended parents or egg/sperm donors are also tested for anything genetic-wise that would lead to developmental disabilities in children, if possible.

One of the most important things that you have to note when learning how does surrogacy work for your family, is to prepare the documentation for the process.

Legal contracts are important in all aspects of life. These specific ones outline things from the role of the surrogate during pregnancy, compensation, and even termination of pregnancy.

5. The Medical Process Of Gestational Surrogacy

This part involves collecting eggs from the mother or donor and then fertilizing them with sperm from the father or donor as well.

The medications given to the gestational carrier will prepare her uterus for embryo implantation once it is ready.

6. Cost of Surrogacy

Now lastly, the one part that can hold back many people. The cost of surrogacy can vary drastically. It ranges from $75,000 to $150,000.

It depends on what kind of surrogacy you want to do, what kind of medical procedures are needed, legal fees, and the compensation for the carrier.

All parties must work together in this process. You’re gonna need everyone from reproductive specialists to advocates and even counselors to help you out.

Read more here: Under The Narcissistic Veil: The Struggles Of Sons Of Narcissistic Mothers

Pros And Cons Of Surrogacy For Intended Parents

Deciding to go on a surrogacy journey is an epoch-making one, this moment brings hope and possibilities to the parents. However, it also poses major obstacles in parenting.

What Is Surrogacy
What is surrogacy and how does it work: key factors you should know!

Now, let us have a look at the pros and cons of surrogacy:

Pros of Surrogacy

1. Genetic Ties With The Child:

One of the main benefits of going through surrogacy or in particular gestational surrogacy is the possibility for intended parents to create a deep biological connection with their child using their genetic material.

2. An Option For Everybody:

Being an all-inclusive method, surrogacy offers a transformative means towards parenthood for individuals or couples facing infertility issues, not only same-sex partnerships but also dealing with medical conditions that affect natural conception.

3. Constant Medical Progress:

Improving technologies in reproduction such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF) has increased the success rates of surrogacy hence giving more hope to aspiring parents.

Cons of Surrogacy

1. High Cost of The Procedure:

It must be acknowledged that surrogacy is a costly venture that includes the cost of surrogate medical procedures, legal advice, and compensation for the surrogate herself, which may make it less accessible.

2. Emotional Concerns of Attachment:

Surrogacy bears a complex emotional terrain for both prospective parents and gestational carriers that entails attachment considerations, managing diverse expectations, and conflicts that arise which necessitates cautious handling.

3. Prejudice In The Society:

Although attitudes in society are slowly shifting, some communities still consider surrogacy negatively; as a result, the parents hoping to adopt the child and the surrogate mothers could receive negative comments or misunderstandings from their surroundings.

Surrogacy is highly individualized and it has many advantages and disadvantages. While future mothers deal with intricate situations, open conversations together with helpful information are key tools for overcoming difficulties with professional guidance.

Read More: Why Is Parent Engagement In Schools Important? 10 Hacks For Busy Parents

A Word From Mind Family

Surrogacy is like a special key for people facing challenges in having babies. Whether it’s because of health issues, fertility problems, or other reasons, surrogacy is a way to bring joy to families. 

We’ve shared simple info about surrogacy, how it works, and why it’s a unique way for families to grow. Our goal is to make this journey easy to understand for everyone.

Your dream of having a family is important, and we’re here to support you on this journey. Remember, there are many ways to build a family, and we celebrate each unique path that brings love into homes.

Understanding what is surrogacy and how it works will you determine your path of building a family of your own. With the information, you will be able to make a decision on whether to choose adoption or surrogacy.

We hope this info helps you make choices that make your heart happy and bring you closer to the joy of being parents.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a way for people who can’t have a baby naturally to still become parents. A woman, the surrogate, carries and gives birth to the child for the intended parents.

2. How does surrogacy work?

Surrogacy involves a surrogate carrying the child, often through in vitro fertilization (IVF), using eggs and sperm from the intended parents or donors.

3. What are the pros and cons of surrogacy?

Pros: Biological connection, family building for all, and medical advances. Cons: Health risks, dependency on third parties, and social stigma

4. How does surrogacy vs adoption differ?

Surrogacy involves a biological link with the child, while adoption is a legal process where the child becomes a legal part of the adoptive family.

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